Tag Archives: git

Git bash alias config

SourceTree是一个功能很强大的Git GUI工具,但是就是太慢,且在Windows下会出现莫名占用一个核心CPU。于是开始折腾Git bash,目前基本够用。其中alias部分的配置文件如下,供参考,放到 /username/.gitconfig里面即可。

l = log --pretty=format:"%C(yellow)%h %ad%Cred%d %Creset%s%Cblue [%cn]" --decorate --date=short
a = add
ap = add -p
c = commit --verbose
ca = commit -a --verbose
cm = commit -m
cam = commit -a -m
m = commit --amend --verbose
d = diff
ds = diff --stat
dc = diff --cached
s = status
ss = status -s
co = checkout
cob = checkout -b

list branches sorted by last modified

b = "!git for-each-ref --sort='-authordate' --format='%(authordate)%09%(objectname:short)%09%(refname)' refs/heads | sed -e 's-refs/heads/--'"
lg1 = log --graph --abbrev-commit --decorate --format=format:'%C(bold blue)%h%C(reset) - %C(bold green)(%ar)%C(reset) %C(white)%s%C(reset) %C(dim white)- %an%C(reset)%C(bold yellow)%d%C(reset)' --all
lg2 = log --graph --abbrev-commit --decorate --format=format:'%C(bold blue)%h%C(reset) - %C(bold cyan)%aD%C(reset) %C(bold green)(%ar)%C(reset)%C(bold yellow)%d%C(reset)%n'' %C(white)%s%C(reset) %C(dim white)- %an%C(reset)' --all
lg = !"git lg1"

list aliases

la = "!git config -l | grep alias | cut -c 7-"

其中我最喜欢的是git lg,附图2张,右键查看大图(一个“MD程序员”上镜)。
git lg
git lg2


-='cd -'
1='cd -'
2='cd -2'
3='cd -3'
4='cd -4'
5='cd -5'
6='cd -6'
7='cd -7'
8='cd -8'
9='cd -9'
afind='ack -il'
d='dirs -v | head -10'
ga='git add'
gaa='git add --all'
gap='git apply'
gapa='git add --patch'
gau='git add --update'
gb='git branch'
gba='git branch -a'
gbd='git branch -d'
gbda='git branch --no-color --merged | command grep -vE "^(*|\s*(master|develop|dev)\s*$)" | command xargs -n 1 git branch -d'
gbl='git blame -b -w'
gbnm='git branch --no-merged'
gbr='git branch --remote'
gbs='git bisect'
gbsb='git bisect bad'
gbsg='git bisect good'
gbsr='git bisect reset'
gbss='git bisect start'
gc='git commit -v'
'gc!'='git commit -v --amend'
gca='git commit -v -a'
'gca!'='git commit -v -a --amend'
gcam='git commit -a -m'
'gcan!'='git commit -v -a --no-edit --amend'
'gcans!'='git commit -v -a -s --no-edit --amend'
gcb='git checkout -b'
gcd='git checkout develop'
gcf='git config --list'
gcl='git clone --recursive'
gclean='git clean -fd'
gcm='git checkout master'
gcmsg='git commit -m'
'gcn!'='git commit -v --no-edit --amend'
gco='git checkout'
gcount='git shortlog -sn'
gcp='git cherry-pick'
gcpa='git cherry-pick --abort'
gcpc='git cherry-pick --continue'
gcs='git commit -S'
gcsm='git commit -s -m'
gd='git diff'
gdca='git diff --cached'
gdct='git describe --tags git rev-list --tags --max-count=1'
gdcw='git diff --cached --word-diff'
gdt='git diff-tree --no-commit-id --name-only -r'
gdw='git diff --word-diff'
gf='git fetch'
gfa='git fetch --all --prune'
gfo='git fetch origin'
gg='git gui citool'
gga='git gui citool --amend'
ggpull='git pull origin $(git_current_branch)'
ggpush='git push origin $(git_current_branch)'
ggsup='git branch --set-upstream-to=origin/$(git_current_branch)'
ghh='git help'
gignore='git update-index --assume-unchanged'
gignored='git ls-files -v | grep "^[[:lower:]]"'
git-svn-dcommit-push='git svn dcommit && git push github master:svntrunk'
gk='\gitk --all --branches'
gke='\gitk --all $(git log -g --pretty=%h)'
gl='git pull'
glg='git log --stat'
glgg='git log --graph'
glgga='git log --graph --decorate --all'
glgm='git log --graph --max-count=10'
glgp='git log --stat -p'
glo='git log --oneline --decorate'
glog='git log --oneline --decorate --graph'
gloga='git log --oneline --decorate --graph --all'
glol='git log --graph --pretty='\''%Cred%h%Creset -%C(yellow)%d%Creset %s %Cgreen(%cr) %C(bold blue)<%an>%Creset'\'' --abbrev-commit'
glola='git log --graph --pretty='\''%Cred%h%Creset -%C(yellow)%d%Creset %s %Cgreen(%cr) %C(bold blue)<%an>%Creset'\'' --abbrev-commit --all'
glum='git pull upstream master'
gm='git merge'
gma='git merge --abort'
gmom='git merge origin/master'
gmt='git mergetool --no-prompt'
gmtvim='git mergetool --no-prompt --tool=vimdiff'
gmum='git merge upstream/master'
gp='git push'
gpd='git push --dry-run'
gpoat='git push origin --all && git push origin --tags'
gpristine='git reset --hard && git clean -dfx'
gpsup='git push --set-upstream origin $(git_current_branch)'
gpu='git push upstream'
gpv='git push -v'
gr='git remote'
gra='git remote add'
grb='git rebase'
grba='git rebase --abort'
grbc='git rebase --continue'
grbi='git rebase -i'
grbm='git rebase master'
grbs='git rebase --skip'
grep='grep --color=auto --exclude-dir={.bzr,CVS,.git,.hg,.svn}'
grh='git reset HEAD'
grhh='git reset HEAD --hard'
grmv='git remote rename'
grrm='git remote remove'
grset='git remote set-url'
grt='cd $(git rev-parse --show-toplevel || echo ".")'
gru='git reset --'
grup='git remote update'
grv='git remote -v'
gsb='git status -sb'
gsd='git svn dcommit'
gsi='git submodule init'
gsps='git show --pretty=short --show-signature'
gsr='git svn rebase'
gss='git status -s'
gst='git status'
gsta='git stash save'
gstaa='git stash apply'
gstc='git stash clear'
gstd='git stash drop'
gstl='git stash list'
gstp='git stash pop'
gsts='git stash show --text'
gsu='git submodule update'
gts='git tag -s'
gtv='git tag | sort -V'
gunignore='git update-index --no-assume-unchanged'
gunwip='git log -n 1 | grep -q -c "--wip--" && git reset HEAD~1'
gup='git pull --rebase'
gupv='git pull --rebase -v'
gwch='git whatchanged -p --abbrev-commit --pretty=medium'
gwip='git add -A; git rm $(git ls-files --deleted) 2> /dev/null; git commit --no-verify -m "--wip-- [skip ci]"'
history='fc -l 1'
l='ls -lah'
la='ls -lAh'
ll='ls -lh'
ls='ls --color=tty'
lsa='ls -lah'
md='mkdir -p'

Git cheat sheet

  • Replace crlf

git config core.autocrlf true


  • Remote branch delete

git push origin --delete <branchName>


  • Apply new gitignore

To untrack a single file that has already been added/initialized to your repository, i.e., stop tracking the file but not delete it from your system use: git rm --cached filename
To untrack every file that is now in your .gitignore:
First commit any outstanding code changes, and then, run this command:
git rm -r --cached .
This removes any changed files from the index(staging area), then just run:
git add .
Commit it:
git commit -m ".gitignore is now working"

To undo git rm –cached filename, use git add filename


  • Undo all uncommitted changes

git checkout .


  • file log

Git log -1 -- file.name

  • fix error Cant't ref..

$ git gc --prune=now

$ git remote prune origin


  • 恢复误删除文件, notepad++ 把换行\r\n换成;一次执行多个文件
  1. Use git log –diff-filter=D –summary to get all the commits which have deleted files and the files deleted;
  2. Use git checkout $commit~1 filename to restore the deleted file.


  • Prevent gc

git config --global gc.auto 0


  • View file log

Gitk <filename>


  • Getting existing git branches to track remote branches

git branch --track origin/branch_name


  • rollback git repo to specific commit

git reset --hard <tag/branch/commit id>
git checkout HEAD -- my-file.txt

  • Log search

git log --grep="Build 0051"


  • reverting specific commits from git
    $ git revert --no-commit b49eb8e 1d8b062
    Files that were modified in those 2 commits will be changed in your working directory
    If any of those 2 commits had changed ‘a’ then you could discard the revert for it:
    $ git checkout a
    $ git commit -a -m "Revert commits b49eb8e and 1d8b062"